Philosophers who believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as

University of Phoenix Material

Week Four Quiz

Topic Area: PSY/300 General Psychology

Ivan Pavlov pioneered the theory of:

Operant conditioning
Classical conditioning
Social Learning Theory
Cognitive Psychology

John wants to train his dog, Spot, to shake hands. John decides to reward Spot with a treat every time Spot raises his paw. John hopes to increase Spot’s handshaking behavior by following the behavior with a reward. This is an example of:

Aversive conditioning
Extinction
Positive reinforcement
Negative reinforcement

Topic Area: PSY/310 History and Systems

Philosophers who believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as

Dualists
Nativists
Rationalists
Empiricists

__________ is often referred to as the ‘Father of Psychology,’ after developing the first psychological research laboratory in Leipzig, Germany.

William James
Wilhem Wundt
John Watson
Joseph Wolpe

Topic Area: PSY/315 Statistical Reasoning

The most commonly used statistic in Psychology is

Mode
Criteria
Mean
Range

There are two branches of statistical methods. They are

Quadratic; Quantitative
Consumer; Quantum
Informal; Formal
Quantitative; Qualitative

Topic Area: PSY/340 Biological Foundations

In a topographical representation of the motor cortex, the homunculus is the largest area devoted to

arms and legs
the hands
the face
the tongue

In a simple genetic context, DNA makes RNA, which forms amino acids which form

cell bodies
proteins
alleles
your genotype

Topic Area: PSY/355 Motivation

What is motivation?

Motivation is based on sight and touch
Motivation excludes sound and emotions
Motivation is the activation of goal-oriented behavior and can be intrinsic or extrinsic
Motivation is the aversion to activity or exertion.

What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations?

Abraham Maslow
Sigmund Freud
Carl Jung
B.F. Skinner

Topic Area: PSY/375 Life Span

Which of the following would be a concern for a person during early adulthood?

Relationships
Civic responsibility
Midlife Crisis
Leisure-time activities

Consider the biological theories of aging. Which of the following best represent components of that theory?

Cellular Dial Theory
The Nun Theory
Attachment Theory
Hormonal Stress Theory

Topic Area: PSY/390 Learning and Cognition

In operant conditioning, which of the following is accurate?

Any response that is followed by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated
Any response that is followed by punishment is likely to not be repeated
Any response that is followed by reward tends to become extinct
Any response that is preceded by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated

Pavlovian conditioning includes several components for creating a conditioned response. These components are:

Unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response; conditioned recovery
Unconditioned response; conditioned stimulus; conditioned reflex
Unconditioned stimulus; conditioned stimulus; spontaneous recovery
Unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response; conditioned stimulus

Topic Area: PSY/400 Social

The child deals with mastering his or her physical environment while maintaining a sense of self-esteem. This stage defined by Erik Erikson involves the crisis of autonomy versus shame and doubt.

Infant
Toddler
Preschooler
School-age child

The child begins to initiate, not imitate activities; develop a conscience, and experience a sexual identity. This stage defined by Erik Erikson involves the crisis of initiative versus guilt.

Infant
Toddler
Preschooler
School-age child

Topic Area: PSY/405 Theories of Personality

Which theorist is most associated with Social Learning Theory?

Carl Rogers
B.F. Skinner
Albert Bandura
Rollo May

What are the four major theoretical approaches to the study of personality?

Psychoticism, Humanism, Disposition, and Learning
Psychoanalysis, Humanistic, Dispositional, and Learning
Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Dispositional, and Learning
Freud, Maslow, Allport, and Bandura

Topic Area: PSY/410 Abnormal

Which of the following is one of the five subtypes of schizophrenia?
Delusional
Catatonic
Organized
Complex

Jill is obsessed with her physical appearance and often dresses in a provocative fashion. It is important for her to be the center of attention. She is prone to exaggerated emotional expression with much self-dramatization. Which personality disorder is Jill most likely suffering from?

Schizoid personality disorder
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
Histrionic personality disorder
Borderline personality disorder

Topic Area: PSY/435 Industrial/Organizational

The two psychologists credited with being the main founders of Industrial and Organizational Psychology are

Sherlin and Billingsly
Munsterberg and Scott
Freud and Jung
Hebb and Skinner

Work motivation theories are most concerned with

ability of the individual
persistence of the individual
attitude of the individual
reasons of the individual

Topic Area: PSY/450 Diversity and Cultural Factors

Cross-cultural psychology differs from general psychology in that

Cross-cultural psychology includes a search for possible universals in behavior and mental processes
General psychology understands that culture cannot affect a person’s perception and intelligence
Cross-cultural psychology involves more aspects of human functioning, including dreams and visions
General psychology is the systematic study of only human experience and behavior.

Culture-bound syndromes refer to

Medical conditions found in geographic areas of the world
Cultural names for common conditions found around the world
Medical or psychic conditions limited to specific societies or cultural areas
Medical or psychic conditions that are influenced by cultural factors

Topic Area: PSY/460 Environmental

Environmental psychology can be defined as a behavioral science that investigates the interrelationships between

Physical environment and human behavior
Family dynamic and work behavior
Emotional motivations and human behavior
Biological causes of physiological disregard

The state that occurs when people are faced with demands from the environment that require them to change in some way can be defined as

Tolerance
Pollution
Stress
Transition

Topic Area: PSY/475 Test and Measurements

Reliability in testing refers to which of the following?

Stability of test scores
What the test is actually measuring
Academic achievement
Fairness

Validity in testing refers to which of the following?

Test scores are stable
The test is measuring what it set to measure
Different forms of the test can be used
Whether or not the test is available in different languages

Topic Area: PSY/480 Elements of Clinical

Most psychotherapists would describe themselves as being

Psychoanalytic
Cognitive
Behavioral
Eclectic

Which of the following historical events created a strong need for Clinical Psychology and brought it to the forefront as being an important field of study?

The Great Depression
The Civil War
The Vietnam War Draft
The World War II Draft