Nomads of South Persia-Barth,Frederik,1986
write your paper as a narrative that explains the beliefs and behaviors of the culture you’ve read about, presents some justification for these aspects of culture within the broader social context, and describes how these specific beliefs and behaviors reflect other aspects of the culture.
1. Background information
a. Title of ethnography
b. Author of ethnography
c. Date of first publication
d. When was the fieldwork undertaken?
e. Where do members of this culture live?
f. What is the climate and environment of the region in which this culture lives?
g. With whom does this culture interact?
i. Are they influenced by other cultures? What kinds of cultures?
h. What kinds of settlements do members of this culture live in?
i. What kinds of houses do they live in?
ii. What is the relative population density of this particular culture, and what are the implications of that?
2. Methods of investigation used by the ethnographer(s)
a. For how long was the fieldwork conducted?
b. What methods of anthropological investigation did the ethnographer(s) use?
c. What kinds of information did the ethnographer(s) collect?
d. Does the ethnographer focus on certain aspects of the culture or do they provide a general overview?
e. Through what theoretical perspective(s) did the ethnographer(s) analyze this particular culture?
3. Aspects of culture to address in the ethnography
a. Subsistence strategies
i. How do members of this particular culture obtain their basic subsistence resources?
1. Does this differ between different members of society?
ii. In what ways does the environment facilitate, influence, or restrict various subsistence strategies?
iii. In what ways do other aspects of culture (e.g., economy, politics, social organization, kinship, religion) influence subsistence pursuits?
iv. In what ways does the subsistence economy reflect other aspects of culture?
v. How are subsistence strategies important for understanding the culture as a whole?
b. Economic systems
i. What resources do members of this society depend upon to survive?
ii. How are resources distributed or allocated among members of this society?
iii. What kinds of exchange systems are used by members of this culture?
iv. In what ways are aspects of the economy influenced by or reflected in other aspects of this culture?
v. In what ways are economic exchange practices important for understanding the culture from a broader perspective?
c. Marriage, family, and kinship
i. Who do members of this culture recognize as appropriate marriage partners?
ii. How are marriages negotiated, arranged, or undertaken?
iii. Who is recognized as a relative? Why?
iv. What kinds of residential patterns are practiced among members of this culture?
v. What factors influence the ways in which members of this culture recognize others as relatives, or as potential marriage partners?
vi. In what ways are marriage and kinship practices influenced by or reflected in other aspects of the cultural system?
vii. How do marriage practices, family structures, and kinship systems inform us about the culture in general?
d. Social and Political organization
i. How do members of this culture/society organize themselves socially and politically?
ii. What factors influence this culture’s social and political organization?
iii. Do some people have differential access to wealth, power, status, or resources? Why?
iv. What kinds of leaders (if any) are present in society?
v. How does an individual acquire status or wealth within society?
vi. How are disputes resolved?
vii. What kinds of groups provide structure to the organization of individuals within society?
viii. Is this culture organized according to kinship principles or some other criteria?
ix. In what ways are these aspects of culture important for understanding the culture as a whole?
e. Religion and worldview
i. What kinds of religious practices are characteristic of this culture?
ii. What kinds of supernatural beliefs are practiced?
iii. How does religion, magic, or witchcraft influence or reflect other aspects of culture?
iv. What is the role of humans in the belief system of this culture? The role of the supernatural?
v. What kinds of religious or spiritual leaders are present? What is their role?
vi. How do the culture’s religious beliefs and behaviors inform us about the culture as a whole?
f. Culture Change
i. In what ways has this culture changed in the past?
ii. In what ways is/was this culture changing when the ethnographic fieldwork was conducted?
iii. What factors have influenced the ways in which this culture has or is changing?
Choose 3 or 4 of the different aspects of culture listed below to address in your papers. Explain some of the characteristics of, for example, the kinship system, religious system, and subsistence system. • Also explain how various aspects of the culture operate and how they interrelate with each other culture is integrated, different aspects of culture affect each other and are often connected in various ways. For example, kinship and marriage customs both often influence and are influenced by religion. Try to explain why this might be the case, why this is important, and how this is manifest in the particular culture you read about. . Remember that Please be explicit enough in your paper to illustrate to me how these various aspects of culture operate within the broader social context and be sure to explain the anthropological significance of the various aspects of culture presented in the ethnography you review. Try to incorporate concepts we have discussed during the semester and discuss them in the context of the particular ethnography you read. Also include specific examples to illustrate the aspects of the culture(s) you discuss in your paper. Details and examples help add substance and can often help substantiate what you are trying to say. Don’t simply provide a laundry list of cultural beliefs and behaviors. Explain why these beliefs, behaviors, and values are important to a broader understanding of the culture in question. Be sure to explain how these various beliefs and behaviors both reflect and influence other aspects of the culture. As you write your papers think about how the author(s) explains the beliefs and behaviors of members of this culture within a broader social context. In other words, don’t just describe the culture, explain it. This assignment is not simply a book review (which you should have mastered by the fourth grade). This assignment requires you to think critically about the culture you have read about. Be sure to provide some basic information about the culture you read about (e.g., where do they live?) so that I, the reader, will have some background information with which to contextualize your paper. Also try to avoid using lengthy, direct quotes as they tend to detract from the substance of a paper. If you do include direct quotes, be sure to include an in-text citation with the appropriate page number(s), and be sure that you fully comprehend the meaning of the quoted text. You should also avoid putting common terms and short phrases in quotations unless they’re being used in a manner inconsistent with their actual meaning. If you refer to an author in the text of your review, use only their last name. Do not include an author’s first name and don’t add titles such as Ms. or Mr. to an author’s name. Be sure to use a formal tone in academic writing. Do not write the review as though you’re posting to social media or sending a text message or email to a friend. At the end of the paper you need to include the bibliographic citation information for the ethnography you reviewed (i.e., author’s or authors’ name(s), date of publication, title of publication, and name of publisher). You may use