Both political world leaders, Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin, were world renowned for their influences during the early Cold War era and their hand in the rivalry between the English-speaking world and the Soviet Union. Both men were well educated and well spoken. They were also influential and compelling, powerful, political world leaders.
• When creating or implementing foreign policy, Churchill and Stalin were never quick to take action. Whether speaking publicly, positioning military or creating new policy, they acted in a calculated fashion and were always careful to consider the other’s position and agenda. Their calculated movements ensured that they would have the greatest impact on any issue they addressed. The rivalry between the two leaders and their actions did not only greatly affect their nations, but multiple foreign nations as well.
Within this assignment, you will describe dynamics that lead to the Cold War. In doing so, you will discuss how the rivalry between Churchill and Stalin became one of the factors that led to the Cold War.
To prepare for this assignment:
Review Chapter 20 (pp. 304–3 24) in your course text.
Review Churchill’s “The Sinews of Peace” speech and Stalin’s speech in this week’s Learning Resources.
Examine the “Truman Doctrine” speech in this week’s Learning Resources.
Compare and contrast Churchill’s and Stalin’s speeches.
Reflect upon the differences and similarities between Churchill and Stalin’s leadership styles.
Evaluate the rivalry between Churchill and Stalin.
Think about what underlying factors could have led to the Cold War.
Consider the following questions:
o What was the role of the United Nations in the context of maintaining international peace?
o Was Stalin correct in his assertion that Great Britain (and the United States) was motivated by their belief in the superiority of the English-speaking nations?
o Do you support Stalin’s argument in favor of a buffer zone between the Soviet Union and Central Europe as legitimate?
o Do you agree with Churchill’s argument that the Soviet Union desires the “indefinite expansion of their power and doctrines” cannot be substantiated by Soviet actions before March 1946?
o How do Churchill and Stalin invoke the memory of Hitler’s unchecked expansion in the 1930s, and how do both make incorrect comparisons?
o What was Truman’s assessment of the world situation as expressed in his “Truman Doctrine” speech?
Compose a 2- to 3-page essay in which you do the following:
o Analyze the underlying factors that led to the Cold War.
o Identify the origin of the rivalry between the two blocs and explain the potential strengths and weaknesses of the English-speaking world versus the Soviet world in 1946.