Explorations, the Colonies, and the Beginnings of Puritanism Puritanism was amongst the religious movement that begun in England church in the late 16th century. The background of Puritanism can be located in the early English reformation. The term puritan was just given to the group by its own enemies. Though, the epithet first appeared in 1560s, the procedure through which Puritanism passed through before developing started in 1530s, after King Henry’s repudiation papal power and changed the Rome church into a church of state in England. However the England Church maintained much of Roman Catholicism rituals and liturgy, and to many dissenters, it seemed as if it was not sufficiently reformed.