Public University has a policy that bans “inappropriate” signs and banners at all athletic events. James, a student at Public University, was ejected from a game and immediately suspended from school (without a hearing) for holding a sign that called for the firing of the football coach. University officials justified the policy as a promotion of greater sportsmanship.

1) Based on the material in the textbook, including your analysis of appropriate case law, do you believe the University’s policy is a violation of the First Amendment’s protection of freedom of speech? Why or why not? Under what circumstances do you believe such a policy could be justified (give at least two)?

2) Do you think the University violated the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment? How? What could/should the University have done in this case?