Indonesia has been ranked third after the US and China in its contribution to the global carbon emissions mainly because of deforestation. The main drivers of deforestation include the expansive pulp industry that clears areas such as peat lands, unlawful logging, forest fires, mining, agricultural activities and state’s reliance on natural resources. The government has weak law enforcement structures for protecting Indonesian rainforests. Maintaining adequate forest cover is very crucial in alleviating the negative impacts such as rising sea level, ice cover, climate changes, floods, destroyed animal habitats and destroyed carbon sinks which increases carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. These affect consequences affect both the local and global environmental conditions.