The Holocaust 1933-1945

The essay is due on the day of the seminar in the 10th WEEK of the Semester.
Format: The essay should be between 2000 and 2500 words in length. There should be ample margins on each side of the text. The essay should be properly referenced and include a full

Assessment criteria: knowledge and understanding of the issues; ability to sustain clear argument and substantiate it with evidence; ability to assess the strengths and weaknesses of historians’

views; ability to use primary source material appropriately; clarity of expression and presentation;.


The following guidelines are based on those in the History project booklet (HHPO1N)
and are aimed at students who may not have done a History unit at Final level before. You will be penalised if examiners are unable to check your references, for example because you have

omitted page numbers.

An essay should have a sequence of consecutively numbered footnotes in superscript. They should normally be placed at the end of a sentence after the full stop. Footnotes should mainly be

reserved for references and should not include material which you could not fit into the text.

The aim of a reference is to allow the reader to retrace your steps. It is a matter of professionalism (as well as a courtesy to those whose work you have used) that our references make this

possible. All quotations, whether from primary or secondary sources, should be referenced. You should also reference any passage which you are paraphrasing from a single source or which relies

heavily on a particular book. References in History essays should not normally be incorporated into the text but instead be in footnotes at the bottom of each page.

The following simple rules will lead to an acceptable system. Please study the examples given and make sure you understand them. If you want further guidance, please consult your tutor. Do

not use conventions such as ibid or op. cit. unless you are sure you know how to use them.


. How do you account for the growth of modern antisemitism in Europe in the decades before the First World War?

Antisemitism in Germany and Europe before 1933

Suggested Seminar Questions:
What is anti-Semitism?
Why did a virulent form of anti-Jewish hatred develop in the late 19th Century?
How did anti-Semitism manifest itself in France, Germany, Austria and Russia?
To what extent were Jews made scapegoats for the ills of modern society?
How significant was anti-Semitism in the Weimar Republic?

Additional Readings:
Beller, S. Antisemitism. A Very Short Introduction (2007)
Gordon, S Hitler, Germans and the Jewish Question (1984)
Graml, H. Antisemitism in the Third Reich (1992)
Hitler, A. Mein Kampf
Jäckel, E. Hitler’s World View (1981)
Kater, M. ‘Everyday Antisemitism in Prewar Nazi Germany. The Popular Bases’ in Marrus, M. (ed.), The Nazi Holocaust, vol.5.
Katz, J. From Prejudice to Destruction: Antisemitism 1700-1933 (1980)
Kershaw, I. Popular Opinion and Political Dissent in the Third Reich (1981)
Levy, R. Antisemitism in the Modern World. An Anthology of Texts (1991)
Lindemann, A. Anti-Semitism before the Holocaust (2000)
Lindemann, A.. Esau’s Tears. Modern Antisemitism and the Rise of the Jews (1997)
Mosse, G. Toward the Final Solution. A History of European Racism (1978)

Ethical and Competent Care of Suicidal patients

In a two page essay, discuss the article (SEE SEPARATE ARTICLE), “Ethical and Competent Care of Suicidal patients: Contemporary Challenges, new Developments, and Considerations for Clinical

Practice.” What do we know about the no-suicide contract for use with suicidal clients? Are the contracts helpful? How should we contract for safety with clients? Submit the assignment to your

instructor by attaching the Word document and clicking “submit.”

TEXTBOOK for Class:
Corey, G., Corey, M. S., Corey, C., & Callanan, P. (2015). Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions (9th ed). New York, NY: Brooks/Cole. ISBN-13: 9781285464749