Program Development

Program Development

Due date: (See Schedule for specific due dates)

Weight: 25% of the final course grade

Length: approximately 4 pages, 1.5 spaced, 12-pt. font, Times New Roman (TNR)

Your assignment is to be submitted electronically (by 11:59 p.m. EST) to the Dropbox. Please follow the submission instructions on the Assignments Overview page found

in the left navigation menu.

There are four distinct, but interrelated steps to assignment 2. Make sure you address all four steps of this assignment. Use subheadings and APA referencing in

support of this assignment. There is no need for a title page IF your name, student ID and assignment information is on the top of the first page of your assignment.

The reference page does not count to the overall page number.

Step 1 – copy-paste your constraints paragraph: To help verify the motive for your proposed program solution/s, please add the constraints paragraph (single spaced,

font 10, Times New Roman) that you had written for assignment 1 on the first page of assignment 2 (this page will not count towards the overall page count). Your

constraints paragraph helps in establishing the situation for the program plan.
Important: in your copy-pasted paragraph, highlight or bold the specific constraints you are addressing with your recreation service. This will help us and you in

verifying that your plan is based on your literature review.

Step 2 – Give your program a name that reflects the program and its intended goals/outcomes.

Step 3 – construct a visual (graphic) planning model: Please use the template below to build your planning model. Do NOT use any other logic model outline other than

the one shown below. For a detailed description on how to build a logic model and what the individual steps entail please go to unit 3 and click on “the logic model of

planning” link. Carefully follow the instructions.
A visual (graphic) Planning Model template.
Source: Enhancing Program Performance with Logic Models (2003, p.17)

In order to build the planning model start by thinking of a unique, possible and feasible solution to remedy the constraints identified in assignment 1 for your group

of people in context. Your proposed solution/s have to be in the form of a recreation program – not just a facility.  Meaning do not propose to design a specific

facility such as e.g., an outdoor arena, skateboard park, or portable swimming pool etc., rather design a specific program that is facilitated/supervised by

counsellor/s or volunteers etc. You may of course include a facility in your program plan but facilities (e.g., skate board parks or wave pools etc.) in and of

themselves will not help to alleviate your constraints rather it is the program and the people involved in the program that will make the greatest difference to your


When developing a planning model illustrate your model using a graphic design (i.e., make a computer drawing using eg., text boxes and not a handwritten drawing or

just a verbal description of the different steps involved).
Start by reading information on program planning in unit 3. Unit 3 provides an in-depth explanation and detailed support in building a logic model – both for

planning and later (assignment 3) for the evaluation of your program plan.
When developing your own model, use topic specific short sentences (not just key words) that are very succinct but informative addressing the various steps in your

logic model. Eg if you add activities include 3-5 examples to show what such activities would entail. Do not add an additional paragraph at the end of your model

explaining the process of the logic model. That information should all be inferable from your program plan.
It is very important that your logic model is self-explanatory so that a person or group other than yourself could implement the proposed program exclusively based

on the information in the boxes without needing additional information to understand your plan.
Important: when finished with your logic model and looking at your plan, the reader will have to know exactly:

a) what your overall recreation program is all about and more specifically what
b) is invested in your program
c) what you will offer and who you will reach with the program
d) what results over time you plan to achieve and last but not least
e) what the reasoning is for the sequence of events over time in terms of your outcomes.
Verify that your outcomes (short, medium, long-term) are in sequential order and specific to the group of people in context and that they will address and

hopefully alleviate the constraints you are planning to offset (i.e.; address the constraints you identified in assignment 1 based on your literature review).

See a sample of a planning model for guidance.

Step 4 – develop a theory in support of your reasoning: After you have developed your visual model and identified the different steps needed in the process then you

will write your theory. The purpose of the theory is to help explain, clearly and very succinctly WHY your individual inputs and outputs lead to the anticipated

program outcomes. Do not use an existing social science theory; rather develop your own theory.

Make sure that your theory is not just a description of how the process of events unfolds but rather that it is a justification of anticipated outcomes based on

past research findings. In your writing you have to show that the process of your program is as a result of past research (evidence-based) rather than just gut

feeling. Meaning look to past research and what is described to have been successful in alleviating specific constraints. (E.g., you would write something like…Smith

et. al., (2014) found that intergenerational outdoor adventure racing has shown to alleviate so and so for people living in such and such communities hence my program

addresses etc.).
Use 2-3 academic references in support of your theory to help explain how and why you believe your inputs will actually lead to your anticipated outcomes for the

specific population group in context. You may use some of the previously integrated references from assignment 1 or resources from the course website in support of

your theory if the references are clearly in support of your argument and current.
For the purpose of this assignment, a theory is defined as an idea (i.e., a thought or a suggestion) or set of ideas that help in explaining a phenomenon and

although it cannot be fully proven, a theory is always based on evidence (previous research) and careful reasoning not hearsay.

Remember: Your program plan (assignment 2) is the basis for your future evaluation plan (assignment 3). Also, start your assignment with a short introduction to your

paper (tell what is being covered) and finish with a short conclusion (tell what you have covered in the essay). Use the marking rubric below to check if all sections

of the assignment have been fully addressed.
Marking Rubric: Assignment 2 Theory-based intervention program    Marks

Overall quality of paper:

Spelling, grammar, articulation
APA referencing



Program inputs:

Clearly identified and articulated
inputs are linked to and deduced from identified constraints (assignment 2)


Program outputs:

Activities identified
Participants identified


Short term outcomes:

Clearly articulated short-term outcomes
Short-term outcomes are linked to program inputs


Medium-term outcomes:

Clearly articulated medium-term outcomes
Medium-term outcomes are linked to short-term outcomes


Long-term outcomes:

Clearly articulated long-term outcomes
Sequential to medium-term outcomes and related to constraints identified


Supportive theory:

Succinct and clearly articulated justification of process and outcomes
Evidence-based (supported with current research)

Comments:     /100


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